Shepherd Center Study Shows Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Can Benefit from Cycling with a Specialized Bike
Physical activity improves mood and health. But for people with moderate to severe multiple sclerosis, fatigue and muscle weakness have made it seem all but impossible to achieve those benefits.
Soon, exercise may become a new avenue of therapy for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). A recent Shepherd Center study shows that people with MS who use a wheelchair can safely train on a Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) bike. For the study, 15 people with MS exercised for 30 minutes, three times a week at the Eula C. and Andrew C. Carlos Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation and Wellness Program at Shepherd Center.
Throughout the study, participants increased the amount of time they were able to cycle, and some were able to increase their resistance, as well. After four weeks, they reported a decrease in pain.
“The participants were very positive about FES cycling and were pleased to have an opportunity to exercise,” said Deborah Backus, PT, Ph.D., director of multiple sclerosis research at Shepherd Center. “Not only did they experience less fatigue over time, but some said they actually felt they could think more clearly after they exercised on the bike.”
Increased stamina and mobility also benefits caregivers, Dr. Backus said. “Several caregivers reported it was easier to work with the person they were caring for with MS, and they seemed to have more energy,” she noted.
Shepherd Center plans to expand the study, looking at different exercise protocols and measuring the outcomes.
Meanwhile, Shepherd researchers have already found some potential physiologic improvements related to the exercise. A study conducted in collaboration with the University of Georgia found that people with MS who exercised for four weeks with the FES bike showed improved muscle metabolism.
“Our preliminary data indicates we may be able to alter metabolism in the muscles of some people with MS, which would bring long-term benefits of better stamina and overall health,” Dr. Backus said.
As Shepherd Center continues to explore the benefits of exercise for people with MS, it won’t be difficult to recruit additional patients for exercise sessions. “We get phone calls from people who want to be in our study,” she noted.
For information on how to participate in Shepherd Center research, click here.
By Michele Cohen Marill
Shepherd Center, located in Atlanta, Georgia, is a private, not-for-profit hospital specializing in medical treatment, research and rehabilitation for people with spinal cord injury, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, spine and chronic pain, and other neuromuscular conditions. Founded in 1975, Shepherd Center is ranked by U.S. News & World Report among the top 10 rehabilitation hospitals in the nation. In its more than four decades, Shepherd Center has grown from a six-bed rehabilitation unit to a world-renowned, 152-bed hospital that treats more than 900 inpatients, 575 day program patients and more than 7,100 outpatients each year.